Throughout his stay in Sarajevo, he stated that the potential time for the country’s entry into the EU is 2025. He added that this can occur only if all states exist, but didn’t name them.
But at present, the national political situation in the Federation doesn’t bring about the accession into the European Union. In recent months, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been marked by high level of popular discontent, manifestations of which were regular protests of certain social groups. Veterans demand from the authorities the introduction of a new law regulating the system of payment of benefits, because the current system allows for numerous violations and the details of getting financial payments to other types of citizens in the event of forging documents. The authorities have been trying to resolve tension since July last year by promising to start working on a new law on veterans, but still no work has been done. It should be noted that on February 28 they held the largest protest action, which was aimed on blocking the main roads on the territory of the nation.
Active participants in the protest actions are industry employees who demanding payment of arrested wages and pension payments. It is necessary to note the constant growth of arrears against the background of the crisis and the adverse economic situation. The most common method of demonstration is blockading highways and roads, as well as pickets in front of government buildings. The most active are the employees of the concern Elektroprivreda RS, RMK Zenica, Alumina and Energoinvest RS.
Participants in the protest activities are also pensioners, who demanding pensions grow and abolition of pension contributions for privileged groups of citizens, in particular, military personnel. Since a few thousand people took part in the protests, the authorities of the country under pressure accepted the changes. This measure aroused dissatisfaction on the part of representatives of the police unions, because allowances for former policemen diminished by 25-30%. This gave rise for the demonstration of several hundred police officers in Sarajevo.
Recently, in several areas of the country, medical staff have conducted several short protest strikes. In connection with this, lots of the patients’ receptions to experts were abolished, and the number of people in hospitals was restricted, except for emergencies.
The majority of the protests are peaceful in nature. However, collisions with the police, trying to lift the blockade in the roads, were already recorded. It must be noted that the requirements of veterans have a wide media and public support, since this problem directly affects the majority of the population of this country. For this reason, it can be noted that the crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina is systematic.
The depth of the crisis is so serious that Bosnia and Herzegovina by 2025 can not obtain the status of a candidate for EU membership. And Junker understands it. So why does he give in advance unrealizable promises? First: with such flirting, he tries to direct the foreign policy vector of the evolution of this country towards the EU. Using this method, he attempts to wrest this country from the sphere of interests of the USA, Russia and China.
The second: stimulating the Bosnian political elites to consolidate efforts to prevent the nation from slipping into civil war. After all, in the event of a military conflict, it will affect many countries in the region, such as those that are already part of the EU. Brussels won’t survive the new influx of refugees from the Balkans.
It turns out that both answers indicate that Junker gives empty claims in order to protect the European Union from fresh upheaval. In any case, we could say with assurance that the question of the country’s accession into the European Union is not seriously considered by the organization’s leadership. And all the statements of the President of the European Commission are simply promises. After all, the top EU countries are not ready in the current realities to take care of newcomers’ problems. But, there are a lot of issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina!