Fascism is a philosophy that is as old as history. It actually means that when there is chaos in society then the government must take over with an Iron hand. This theory of Fascism comes down to modern times from the Roman era. In the 20th century when Europe had an economic recession and people were wondering what to do and unemployment and lack of real wages had come to the fore, the stage was set for an extremist doctrine.
He was a fantastic man in his own way but his wayward life let him down. Towards the close of the war, he was a broken man who nearly became a running boy of Hitler. He met a sad end as stunt fighters shot him dead and his body was hung in the public square in Milan. Another place where Fascism climbed was Germany. The First World War had crippled Germany, that buying a loaf of bread was a torture. With all-round economic stagnation, Adolf Hitler came to power on the theory of Fascism and German Pride. Hitler formed the Nazi party and within a period of a half-dozen years, he took control over whole Europe.
He switched his attention to Spain where another Fascist General Francisco Franco was fighting with the Royalists in a civil war.
Hitler thought his this obligation to help Franco and he dispatched guns and volunteers to help the Spanish leader. Franco believed in Fascism and he won the Civil war. The forces of general Franco managed to consolidate his rule and by mid-thirties, Franco became Caudillo or the leader of Spain. He came up with the idea of asking Spain to assist him in the war
Franco was a shrewd man and though he made some verbal claims, he didn’t commit on the dotted line to Hitler and Mussolini. I don’t know if he had a Sixth Sense but likely he had a sense that the bubble could burst anytime and it would hurt him. Therefore he did not knowingly participate in the war on the side of Hitler though he was a Fascist into the core.
The fact that general Franco did not join Hitler and Mussolini in World War II was a factor that saved him at the end of the war. With Mussolini and Hitler dead, overall Franco was the last surviving fascist. Franco ruled for nearly 40 years and during this period he made a few very far-reaching decisions. One of his conclusions was that after his death the Spanish royal house would be restored and Spain would become a monarchy again. In my view, this was a very terrific choice and Franco should take credit for it. He could have easily asked one of his children to be successful in him but Franco was a changed man after World War II. To show America and the UK he was on their side and to ensure his own survival he joined NATO
Throughout the four years of Franco’s rule, the one gift he bestowed on the Spanish people had been stability. He suppressed separatist tendencies and Catalonia which wanted liberty was boxed in. What’s next? He believed in the unity of Spain and it is on record that Franco rarely went from Spain.
One reason for this was that he had the stigma of being the last surviving fascist companion of Hitler and Mussolini. He was lonely but narrative records he not only lived in Spain but continued ruling four decades. This is no mean accomplishment. Franco is still one of the most enduring rulers in Europe throughout the 20th century. The Spanish individuals sometime must be thinking about how Franco who had been a designated friend of Hitler and Mussolini lived.
Place in history
Franco has a permanent place in the history of Spain. Many people still remember him as a strong man- as a man who brought order in society. Now with Franco dead and gone, fissiparous tendencies have emerged in Spain and people wonder whether Franco’s rule was good for Spain.